Android 网络图片显示

MyImageView帮助类

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;

public class MyImageView extends ImageView {
    public static final int GET_DATA_SUCCESS = 1;
    public static final int NETWORK_ERROR = 2;
    public static final int SERVER_ERROR = 3;
    //子线程不能操作UI,通过Handler设置图片
    private Handler handler = new Handler() {
        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what){
                case GET_DATA_SUCCESS:
                    Bitmap bitmap = (Bitmap) msg.obj;
                    setImageBitmap(bitmap);
                    break;
                case NETWORK_ERROR:
                    Toast.makeText(getContext(),"网络连接失败",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    break;
                case SERVER_ERROR:
                    Toast.makeText(getContext(),"服务器发生错误",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                    break;
            }
        }
    };

    public MyImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
    }

    public MyImageView(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public MyImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    //设置网络图片
    public void setImageURL(final String path) {
        //开启一个线程用于联网
        new Thread() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                try {
                    //把传过来的路径转成URL
                    URL url = new URL(path);
                    //获取连接
                    HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                    //使用GET方法访问网络
                    connection.setRequestMethod("GET");
                    //超时时间为10秒
                    connection.setConnectTimeout(10000);
                    //获取返回码
                    int code = connection.getResponseCode();
                    if (code == 200) {
                        InputStream inputStream = connection.getInputStream();
                        //使用工厂把网络的输入流生产Bitmap
                        Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(inputStream);
                        //利用Message把图片发给Handler
                        Message msg = Message.obtain();
                        msg.obj = bitmap;
                        msg.what = GET_DATA_SUCCESS;
                        handler.sendMessage(msg);
                        inputStream.close();
                    }else {
                        //服务启发生错误
                        handler.sendEmptyMessage(SERVER_ERROR);
                    }
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                    //网络连接错误
                    handler.sendEmptyMessage(NETWORK_ERROR);
                }
            }
        }.start();
    }
}

布局

    <MyImageView
        android:id="@+id/head"
        android:layout_width="130dp"
        android:layout_height="130dp"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_bias="0.148"
        app:srcCompat="@drawable/head" />

注意:标签名为帮助类的名字或者(包名.类名)

调用:

MyImageView myImageView = MyImageView)root.findViewById(R.id.head);
 myImageView.setImageURL(root.getContext().getString( "网络图片地址");

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